What To Expect From A Home Inspection

Home Inspection

Whether you’re selling your current home – or you’re shopping for a new house – chances are that you’ll need a home inspection to finalize the deal.

Many people only buy a few homes in their lifetime. While thousands of home inspections happen every day, the process isn’t well-known to most homeowners and buyers.

Here is everything you need to know about what’s covered & included in a home inspection.


Home inspections are an overall, non-invasive analysis of a home and it’s current condition.

Typically, buyers hire home inspectors because they have found a home that is right for them, and want to make sure that there are not any major problems with the home!

The reason why inspections are important is simple. As a buyer, you are about to invest a large amount of money into a home. An inspection will help you determine if the investment is worthwhile. Or, if that house has countless issues that will cost you an arm and a leg to repair.

Residential Home inspections are essentially providing a diagnosis of a home’s condition. When you get your inspection report back, you can see everything that the inspector found.

This will help you and your realtor determine if the home is a good investment, or if you need to break the contract and keep looking.


The inspector’s job is to perform a visual, detailed walk-through of the home that you’re looking to buy. During this walk-through, the inspector will be looking for specific things.

As the buyer, you are encouraged to attend the inspection and walk through the home with the inspector. This will allow them to explain findings and is also the perfect time to ask questions!

Inspectors Will Assess the Following:

  • Roof
    • Some inspectors start with the roof of the home
    • This includes the roof coverings (type & condition of shingles), gutters, downspouts, vents, flashings, skylights, chimney and other roof penetrations.
  • Exterior 
    • One of the first things that an inspector does is inspect the exterior structure of the home.
    • Including – siding, eaves, soffits, fascia, windows, doors, trim, walkways, driveways, porches, decks and drainage.
    • Any other basic structural elements of the house, to ensure that they are free of major issues.
  • Basement, Foundation, Crawlspace & Structure
    • An important part of the home inspection covers the foundation, basement and crawlspace.
    • The important part here is differentiating major structural signs versus typical settling and hairline cracks.
  • Plumbing
    • Understanding the functionality and location of the main water and fuel shut-offs is very important.
    • You’ll also learn about your water heater, operation of toilets, sinks, tubs, showers, drain, waste/vent systems, and sump pumps.
  • Electrical
    • Another critical area of the inspection covers various electrical components. This includes service drops, conductors, mast and panels. The inspector will also test a representative number of switches, lighting fixtures, and receptacles (AFCI & GFCI).
    • The presence of smoke and carbon-monoxide detectors will be checked too.
    • Fuse boxes and circuit breakers are examined. Additionally, light switches, power outlets, and other electrical systems are checked
  • Heating/Cooling Elements
    • The inspector will inspect the heating and cooling systems.
    • Using normal operating controls and describing the location of the thermostat, energy source, and heating/cooling method.
  • Fireplace
    • If applicable, the inspector will check readily accessible portions of fireplaces. This includes chimneys, lintels, damper doors, clean out doors and frames.
  • Attic, Insulation & Ventilation
    • Making sure the home has sufficient insulation and ventilation can save problems down the road.
  • Doors, Windows, & Interior
    • The inspector will check a representative number of doors and windows for functionality and safety. They will also inspect floors, walls, ceilings in all rooms. Additionally, stairways, railing, and the garage door and openers will be inspected. These are all important since its the areas where you’ll spend the most time!

Throughout this process, the inspector will be taking notespicturesvideos and recording any other information they find about the home being examined.


It’s a common misconception that a standard home inspection includes examining & testing the home for issues like mold, pests, parasites, interior structural issues, asbestos, lead, and other specialized services.

This is usually not the case.

  • To use a medical analogy, think of a home inspection as a “general check-up” – not a comprehensive, x-ray exam.
  • The home you’re buying or selling will be assessed thoroughly – but specialized issues like mold or termites will sometimes require specialist inspectors.

This is not to say that home inspectors cannot do this, but it is typically an added expense to a normal home inspection.

Inspectors have to be certified to inspect mold, radon, etc., & they provide these specialized inspections as an added service.

  • Keep in mind that not all home inspectors are certified in all of the extra services that you want. So, when looking for an inspector, make sure their website lists the services that you require.
Home Inspectors Are Not Code Inspectors

Inspectors also are not necessarily going to determine if a home complies with local building codes, their main goal is to look at the home itself.

  • Mostly, they are concerned with certain aspects of the home and whether the structure and functionality of the home is in good condition.
  • However, if you are not sure about local building codes, you can ask the inspector to look for these issues.

They also won’t tell you things like whether or not you’re getting a good deal on your home. They also won’t give you an opinion on the value of a home.

  • This is because an inspection is supposed to be an objective view of the home.
  • Giving you advice or opinions on if you should or shouldn’t buy the home is something that inspectors avoid for liability reasons.
  • They will simply provide you with the information you need to make those decisions for yourself (and with the help of your realtor).

Home inspectors also aren’t experts on HVAC systems, plumbing, electrical or any other major system of your home.

  • Your inspectors are not plumbers, electricians, or HVAC professionals.
  • If they were to inspect and test every component with that level of expertise, the inspection would take all day & would cost significantly more.

They are generalists and not expected to check and catch issues from the inner workings of these systems.


During the inspection, you are encouraged to tag along with the inspector during the entire process. This is when you should be asking them questions when they find issues with the home, or if you are wondering what they’re doing.

This is expected, so most inspectors will invite you along and comment on what they’re seeing as they inspect each element of a home.

How Long Will an Inspection Take?

The time it takes for an inspection varies based on the square footage of the home, but the vast majority of inspections will take about 2-3 hours.

The amount of time it takes is due to the complexity of examining each element of the home. Some inspections will take more or less time depending on various factors including age, complexity, location, size, and additional services.

Tip: Inspectors Have Hundreds of Points to Check Within a Given Home

  • Try not to ask them questions throughout the whole inspection.
  • This will not only slow down the inspection, but this distracts them from focusing on doing the best job they can for you.


At the end of an inspection, the inspector will give you a general overview of their findings as a verbal summary, or show you visually on their phone/tablet.

Your inspector will outline any potential & obvious issues, and may discuss what you should do to solve them, or whether they should be a cause for concern. They will also answer any questions that you still may have about the inspection.

After the verbal summary is made, a complete home inspection report will be finalized by the inspector, and sent to you. This report will have a much more detailed outline about the state of the home. It’ll include high-quality photos, videos, notes, & other general information about the home.


Having a home inspection is the first step towards understanding the condition of the home that you’re buying, or selling – and it is absolutely essential!

With a solid understanding of what to expect, you can focus on the next step of the transaction. Negotiating with the seller on what fixes they’ll perform or if you’ll get a lower purchase price.

The home inspection report that your inspector sends you will have a list of the defects found inside & outside the home. You can then look at the report with your agent to determine how much each defect will cost to repair.

Spectora inspectors have reports with a built-in Agent Repair Request Builder, which makes it easy for the agent to see defects found & places monetary values by each defect.

This is useful when negotiating with the seller & their agent during the final purchasing steps.

We Are Proud to Serve You!

If you are in need of a home inspection in Augusta CountyStauntonWaynesboroCharlottesvilleHarrisonburg and beyond, Mountainside Home Inspections is here to help! Whether you need a buyer’s inspection, a pre-listing inspection, or you just are interested in a home inspection to ensure proper maintenance of your current home, you can trust us to deliver excellent services. Schedule your Inspection Today!